D. None. By the way, Mound City is the site where the Hopewell Culture National Historical Park is. This large earthwork, shaped like a tuning fork, is reminiscent of Ohio Hopewell enclosures. The Hopewell artisans were expert carvers of pipestone, and many of the mortuary mounds are full of exquisitely carved statues and pipes. Hopewell has no single point of origin, being drawn from diverse cultural traditions. They got their food by hunting, fishing, and gathering wild nuts, fruits, seeds, and roots. Osage Nation. Thanks to that 1992 law, the park grew to encompass six sites within the Ross … The "Hopewell culture" doesn't refer to a particular Native American tribe; instead, it’s a name for a distinctive set of artifacts, earthworks, and burial practices … [3][4] The term Hopewell is applied to a wide scattering of peoples who lived near rivers in temporary settlements of 1-3 households. The Ade­na civ­i­liza­tion also had breast­plates and cloth as described in the Book of Mor­mon. Thriving between 100 BC to 500 AD in the Middle Woodland period, the Hopewell tradition was not a single culture, tribe, or society, but was rather, a widely dispersed set of … These were covered over together under a single large mound. It was excavated by archaeologist in 1891. [15] They practiced a mixture of hunting, gathering, and crop growing. Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma. HOPEWELL is the name given to a distinctive, widely shared cultural expression flourishing between a.d. 1 and 400 among locally rooted societies from the Kansas City area to upstate New York, and from southern Ontario and northern Wisconsin to peninsular Florida. Similarly, the Havana Hopewell tradition was thought to have spread up the Illinois River and into southwestern Michigan, spawning Goodall Hopewell. They were the first pottery-using people of Ontario north of the Trent-Severn Waterway. [8] These leaders acquired their positions because of their ability to persuade others to agree with them on important matters such as trade and religion. Multiple Native American tribes have worshiped this god. Still, no one knows why they stopped building mounds or where they went after A.D. 400. They lived mainly in what is now southern Ohio. [15], Serpent effigy, Turner Group, Mound 4, Little Miami Valley, OH, Hopewell pipe, points, and earspool on display at Serpent Mound, Gorgets and points from the Adena culture, found at Serpent Mound, Copper spider(?) The Adena were the first group of “mound builders,” a practice that spanned several cultures over a period of about 20 centuries. C. Miami. Others believe that the Hopewell Indians began to fight each other over farmland or that they were overwhelmed by more warlike tribes. Analysis of Hopewell remains indicate shared mtDNA mutations unique with lineages from China, Korea, Japan, and Mongolia. The Marksville culture was a Hopewellian culture in the Lower Mississippi valley, Yazoo valley, and Tensas valley areas of present-day Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Arkansas. Some evidence exists that the Saugeen complex people of the Bruce Peninsula may have evolved into the historic Odawa people, also known as the Ottawa.[37]. [27], The Cloverdale site is situated at the mouth of a small valley that opens into the Missouri River Valley, near present-day Saint Joseph, Missouri. [5], The Hopewell inherited from their Adena forebears an incipient social stratification. that it marks the May cross-quarter sunrise. The Broth­er of Jared was con­sid­ered a mighty man large in stature. Another set of walls led to the southeast, where it crossed the Ohio River and continued to the Biggs site, a complicated circular enclosure surrounding a conical mound. [6] Hopewell societies cremated most of their deceased and reserved burial for only the most important people. until about A.D. 400. Some Hopewell lived in the western and southern part of … To share with more than one person, separate addresses with a comma. Hopewell populations originated in western New York and moved south into Ohio, where they built upon the local Adena mortuary tradition. Everything we know of these Indians comes from archaeological finds. The Hopewell Indians lived in villages along rivers and streams. "Hopewell-style" pottery and stone tools, typical of the Illinois and Ohio River valleys, are abundant at the Trowbridge site. They were surrounded by peoples who made Watson-styled pottery, with a Z-twist cordage finished surface. [20] Pipe fragments appear to be the platform-base type. The Adena and Hopewell Indians were part of the Woodland culture that lived in Southwestern Ohio. At one time, as many as 12 mounds may have existed. The objects created by the Hopewell exchange system were traded far and wide; they have been found among grave goods in many burials outside the Midwest.[2]. The Hopewell tradition was not a single culture or society, but a widely dispersed set of populations connected by a common network of trade routes. Saved by Bev Morehouse. It evolved into the Baytown culture and later the Coles Creek and Plum Bayou cultures. Some genetic links also are indicated between one or more of the individuals from the Hopewell site and tribes as diverse and widespread as the Apache, Iowa, Micmac, Pawnee, Pima, Seri, Southwest Sioux, and Yakima. It is thought to have been influenced by the Hopewell traditions of the Ohio River valley. 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